North & South - Manual
The Aim Of The Game
Your objective is ensure victory for your side (North or South) by
eliminating allthe enemy armies. You will be controlling armies across
all the combat zones of the Civil War. You may respect history or not,
as you like.
While "North & South" does not try to reconstitute history and places
playability over realism, INFOGRAMES has made every attempt to emulate
the atmosphere and overall strategic conditions of the Civil War. Thus,
as in reality, the player may choose to advance deep into the South or
North, to attack in the centre or to attempt a turning movement.
The Game And Historical Accuracy
As has been stated above, INFOGRAMES has above all tried to privilege
gameplay rather than strict historical accuracy. Our wish has been to
recreate the atmosphere to be found in the comic book series. You will
therefore find some game details which do not respect historical
reality, notably in the case of borders, the positions of towns and
We hope that these modifications will ensure a great deal of playing
pleasure. Let's turn now to the most important part of this booklet:
HOW TO PLAY "NORTH AND SOUTH".
PREPARING THE GAME
Choice of language : place your cursor over your language flag and
How To Start Play Immediately:
Using your cursor, click on the case marked "GO". You can now play
using the following configuration:
- You are playing at CAPTAIN level. You play CAPTAIN STARK against a
Confederate Corporal played by the computer. The start year is 1861 and
no catastrophe is activated. North plays first.
If you want to alter the current configuration, you may act on the
- 1 or 2 players.
- Change difficulty level.
- Change start year.
- Activate (or not) all or some of the catastrophes and events.
- Play (or not) in strategic mode (no arcade) only.
- Define which player will use the joystick (for 2 player game).
The order given here is only an example; you need not respect it.
These two parameters are selected in the same procedure.
* Difficulty level: click on the character head in the window:
CORPORALS : BLUTCH for the Union, MATHIAS for the Confederacy.
SERGEANTS : CHESTERFIELD for the Union and CANCRELAT for the
CAPTAINS : STARK for the North and PHILIP for the South.
NOTE: SPECIAL FEATURE OF NORTH & SOUTH: Two players of differing skill
can play against each other without losing play balance. The Northern
player can, for example, choose CORPORAL level, while his opponent, a
novice at this game, can choose the Southern CAPTAIN. In that case, the
fort and train sequences will be of differing difficulty according to
the player; the Confederate player will have a tougher jod than his
This possibility will allow experienced and beginning players to fully
enjoy fighting it out.
CORPORAL is the most difficult, CAPTAIN the easiest game level.
1 or 2 players:
Click on the window flag behind the character; a computer will appear,
signalling that your computer will play that side. Reclick on the
computer to switch to human mode.
UNION CORPORAL -- UNION PLAYER -- CONFEDERATE CORPORAL
BEHIND -- AGAINST -- BEHIND
HIS FLAG -- CONFEDERATE COMPUTER -- A COMPUTER
UNION CORPORAL -- UNION COMPUTER -- CONFEDERATE CORPORAL
BEHIND -- AGAINST -- BEHIND
A COMPUTER -- CONFEDERATE PLAYER -- HIS FLAG
UNION SERGEANT -- TWO HUMAN -- CONFEDERATE SERGEANT
BEHIND -- PLAYERS -- BEHIND
HIS FLAG -- -- HIS FLAG
UNION CAPTAIN -- COMPUTER -- CONFEDERATE CAPTAIN
BEHIND -- AGAINST -- BEHIND
A COMPUTER -- ITSELF -- A COMPUTER
*Change Start Year
To choose the year when your games begins, click on the calendar to
scroll the years from 1861 to 1864. !865 is not available, since the
situation was too unfavourable for the South. Each year corresponds to
a certain number of armies and territories owned by each side; the
situation reflects actual historical conditions for that year.
These options are available in order to allow oyu to create some of
the elements that fans of the comic book series know very well. These
diasters will modify the strategic situation.
To activate a disaster, just click on it.
When in play, you will not be able to cancel the disaster.
They occasioally attack armies in neighbouring territories. When the
Indians have spotted their prey, they send smoke signals before
launching their attack.
The army thus attacked may lose only some of its units or could be
completely wiped out.
If you have activated the Indian mode, the Mexican will also be
present. Irritated at being so unceremoniously torn from a much needed
snooze following a refreshing siesta, he will throw a bomb on the State
of Texas, just to calm down whatever army happens to be there at the
time. The poor army will lose some or all its units.
A storm cloud travels around above the map. Any army under the cloud is
unable to move until the clouds leaves the territory.
Both sides in the Civil War were diplomatically very active in Europe.
The side who owns South Virginia will receive a ship containing
reinforcements. Once on dry land, they will constitute an army (1
Cannon unit, 3 Cavalry units and 6 infantry units) if there is no army
currently in that territory; if there is already an army, then the
newcomers from over the ocean will reinforce that army up to maximum
limits (3 Cannon, 9 Cavalry and 18 Infantry). Any extras are lost.
STRATEGIC OR ARCADE MODE
Click on the Arcade icon to deactivate the Strategic mode and
vice-versa. In the Arcade mode there are three challenges to face: the
battle, the train and the fort. In the Strategic mode, these three
arcade challenges are replaced by an automatic system for determining
the outcome of each challenge, using a random decision based on the
respective strength of the opposing forces. This option caters for
those players who prefer to concentrate on the purely strategic aspects
of the simulation.
WHO PLAYS WITH THE JOYSTICK?
When there are two player, an extra icon is available on the screen.
It lets you specify which of the two sides will play using the
joystick. By default, the Northern (Union) player uses the joystick.
Just click on the South's grey rectangle to switch. To return the
joystick to the Northern player, click in the blue rectangle.
If you're playing alone against the computer, you automatically
possess the mouse, keyboard 1 and the joystick.
In a 2 player game, the player with the joystick also has keyboard 2.
The other player has keyboard 1.
The mouse may be used by both players for movement on the map (see
When you have decided on all the parameters above, in whatever order
suits you, you can click on "GO" to start play.
*What is an ARMY in the game? An army is made up of a number of units
of infantry, Cavalry and Artillery. According to the number of units in
an army, the soldier who represents that army on the screen map has a
greater or lesser number of cannon balls at his feet.
Play is organized into Game Turns. Players play one after the other.
When each has played his turn, the Game Turn is then completed. During
each of his turns a player may move some or all his armies; he maw move
each army from its current territory to a neighbouring territory (a
territory sharing a border with it). Here are a few examples:
A) Moving to another territory
- click on the unit you want to move
- The possible territories where your chosen unit may move will
- Click on the territory you wish the unit to move to.
- The unit moves to the selected territory. That unit may not move
again until the Next Game Turn.
B) Cancel a move so that another unit may first be moved
- Click on a non-flashing territory.
- The army will stay on its territory and may still be moved this
- You may also click on the original territory.
C) You decide not to move one, or several particular units
- This operation may ONLY be done whe ALL movement has been played.
When one or more armies remain which you don't want to move, to
finish your turn, click on the Months and Years band at the bottom
of the screen. It is now your opponent's turn to play.
If you have moved all units, your turn end automatically.
CONQUERING A TERRITORY
6 cases are possible when a unit moves into a territory:
1) The territory is VIRGIN.
- The territory is owned by the first player to move an army onto
- If the army moves away from the territory, then the player's flag
will appear in it. In this case it's Northern.
2) The territory is enemy-owned but currently unoccupied by an enemy
- The new army conquers the territory and the enemy flag disappears.
- When the new army leaves, the owning side's flag appears. Here
it's again a Union flag.
3) The territory is already occupied by an enemy unit.
- In this case there will be a battle. If the attacker wins, then
the territory will change sides.
4) The territory is already owned by the player. Nothing changes.
5) The territory has a town and is occupied by an enemy army.
- The enemy army must then be defeated in the battle or forced to
- You must then win the fight in the fort.
- If you win in the fort, your army may stay in the territory. If
not, it will stay in its original territory.
6) The territory has a town and is enemy-owned but no enemy army is
- You must win the fort game to conquer the territory.
- If you fail, your attacking army will remain in its original
Fusing Two Armies Together
It can sometimes be a good idea to fuse two or more armies into one big
force. This is done during movement:
- Click on an army.
- Move that army to a adjacent territory containing an allied army
in order to be fused with.
- You now have a new reinforced army which you'll be able to move
NOTE: THE SAME SYSTEM OF MAXIMUM POSSIBLE FORCE AS WITH EUROPEAN
REINFORCEMENT IS USED HERE. YOU CANNOT HAVE AN ARMY GREATER IN
STRENGTH THAN 18 INFANTRY, 9 CAVALRY AND 3 CANNON.
Attacking An Enemy Army
- Click on the army you want to use.
- Click on the territory containing the enemy unit you wish to attack.
- The two opposing armies will now switch to the arcade "Battle" mode,
unless the players are in strategic mode only.
*ATTACKING A ENEMY ARMY WITH SEVERAL ARMIES
If more than one allied unit can move onto the same enemy- occupied
territory, then they may attack that enemy at the same time. Here's an
- Click on one of your attacking armies.
- Click on the enemy territory.
- All allied armies which can attack that enemy will automatically
move to the enemy territory.
NOTE: REMEMBER THAT THE SUM OF ATTACKING ARMIES MAY NOT EXCEED THE
MAXIMUM OF 18 INFANTRY, 9 CAVALRY AND 3 CANNON. IF, AFTER THIS FUSION,
THERE ARE EXTRA UNITS, THEY WILL REMAIN AS AN ARMY IN ONE OF THE
THE COMPUTER IS SUPREME JUDGE IN TRICKY CASES !
We have already seen how a battle may be engaged. Let's now examine the
possible strategic outcomes of a battle.
If you have taken the decision to retreat, there are two possible
- You are the attacker: your army moves to its territory of origin.
- You are the defender and the computer moves your army back from the
front line to one of your territories.
- If none of your territories are available to move back to, then the
retreat won't be possible.
THE SUPPLY PHASE or GETTING NEW ARMIES
At the end of each Game Turn, according to the number of territories
you possess, you should receive a certain number of bags of gold. You
will only receive the gold, however, if two of your towns are connected
by a railroad.
*Getting The Gold
If two towns are correctly connected, a train will travel at the end
of your turn from one to the other. The bags of gold will then be
deposited in the player's Central Bank.
*Getting New Armies
When a player has 5 bags of gold in his bank, a new army is created in
exchange for the 5 bags. The new army will flash at the bottom left of
To move the new army into play, click on a flashing territory. The new
army (6 Infantry, 3 Cavalry and 1 Canon) can only move to a territory
containing no other army and which lies on a railroad line that belongs
entirely to the new army's player. The available territories will
What happens if you cannot move a new army into play; If no
appropriate territory is available, the bags of gold will remain in
your Bank until you are able to move a new army onto the playing map.
*How To Collect Your Enemy's taxes.
- You must block the line between the two enemy towns by capturing one
of the territories along the line.
- No link between another two enemy towns must be possible (otherwise
the train will always take the safest route, the one no hostile army
- Once and once only, the enemy train will try to get through (if no
other possible line exists). You will then switch to the Train
arcade sequence. If you win the arcade (or strategic) sequence, the
enemy's taxes will arrive in your Bank.
- If you are in strategical mode, refer to the probability chart and
the end of the instructions to know your chances of victory.
- A safe railroad link: The Grey player's convoy is not cut off by a
- Interception: A Blue army occupies a territory along the railroad
line; the Blue army will attempt an Interception.
- The train takes another route: Another line exist which doesn't pass
through hostile territory.
- One of your armies must block the enemy railroad line, as mentioned
NOTE: CANCRELAT AND CHESTERFIELD ARE ALWAYS DETAILED TO INTERCEPT
TRAINS. IN CASE OF FAILURE, THERE SRE NO CONSEQUENCES TO THE
THE TRAIN SEQUENCE:Arcade Mode
The character you control is on the ground. First you must climb up the
back end of the passing wagons onto the roof of train. If you fail to
climb on, then your interception is over.
How to climb onto a wagon................./\(arrow up)
How to move on the wagon..................<-- and -->
How to jump from one wagon to the next..../\(arrow up)
Your objective is to reach the front of the train in order to stop it
and overcome the driver.
To defeat you enemies:
- Space bar or Fire button: you throw a knife at your enemy, unless
you are in hand to hand combat.
- Space bar or Fire button: You punch your enemy in hand to hand
NOTE: THE NUMBER OF KNIVES AVAIABLE IS LIMITED BY THE DIFFICULTY LEVEL.
*The Race Against Time
The amount of time available varies according to the difficulty level.
Time is symbolized by a clock and your progress towards the locomotive
is represented by a boot.
You must get there before your time runs out; your boot must reach the
right edge before the train gets away !
2 - Player version :
The player who owns the train, and who defends it against the
attacking player, can send men onto the roof to fight off the attack.
- To send a man up to the roof: Direction UP or DOWN (joystick or
- To throw a knife or give a punch (in hand to hand combat), the Fire
button if you play with a jopystick, if not press the space bar.
NOTE: THE MAN MOVES BY HIMSELF FROM RIGHT TO LEFT. THE DEFENDING PLAYER
CONTROLS THE MOMENT WHEN THE SOLDIER APPEARS AND FIRES.
THE FORT SEQUENCE
Possession of at least two towns connected by a railroad link is vital
for both players. These towns are protected by forts.
To capture an enemy territory containing a fort, the player must
defeat any enemy army present in the territory (in Battle mode) and
also win the fort game.
If no enemy army currently occupies the territory, the attacking
player will still have to take the fort in order to capture the
territory. If you are in strategical mode, refer to the probability
chart and the end of the instructions to know your chances of victory.
If the attacks fails, then the attacking army stays where it was at the
start of the turn. A failure has no other consequences.
The Arcade Game:
Time is limited; the more difficult the level, the less time you have.
Once again, a boot symbolises your progress in the fort. Your objective
is the enemy flag situated at the far end of the fort. If you get there
in time, the enemy flag will come down, to be replaced by yours. You
have captured the town.
You move and fight according to the same principle as in the Train
sequence. Some of the obstacles can only be got over by climbing a
Guard-dogs will appear from time to time and try to stop the attacker.
If the attacker steps on a box of explosives, he will be stunned for
2-Player version: The same commands are used as in the Train sequence.
NOTE: IF THE DEFENDER USES DOWN DIRECTION TO BRING ON A SOLDIER, HE
WILL ARRIVE AT GROUND LEVEL. USING UP DIRECTION WILL BRING THE
SOLDIER INTO PLAY ON THE RAMPARTS.
THE PITCHED BATTLE
A battle is fought when two opposing armies occupy the same territory.
The aim is to eliminate the enemy force or force it to retreat. The
winner keeps the territory where the battle is fought.
The three cannon balls represents the Artillery; The horse represents
the Cavalry and the rifle represents the Infantry.
1) Choose the unit which is to move or fire:
If you are using the joystick or keyboard 2: press Left
SHIFT. If you control keyboard 1, press Right SHIFT.
The selected unit is represented by its symbol. It is
displayed at top left screen for the Union player and
top right screen for the Confederate player.
2) Moving the unit
Use the directions provided by keyboard 1, or joystick
or keyboard 2, to move your units.
- Artillery moves only up or down.
- Cavalry begins facing the enemy, either right or left.
Backward movement is impossible for horses; the most
they can do is stay where they are.
- Infantry can move in any direction.
3) Firing and Charging
- Artillery: 1 player: Press Fire or Space bar.
2 players: Joystick player: Fire button.
Keyboard 1: Space bar.
Press and keep the key or button pressed; a gauge will display at the
top of the screen. The fuller the gauge, the greater the range. When
the gauge reaches the bottom, you reach the end of the enemy screen.
To fire, release the key or button. The cannon balls will land at a
distance corresponding to the gauge level.
NOTE: THE CANONS POSSESS ONLY 9 CANNON BALLS. WHEN THE ARTILLERY HAS
EXHAUSTED ITS AMMUNITION, IT WILL AUTOMATICALLY LEAVE THE FIELD
The same principle applies to commands. The first button-press
positions the charge, facing the enemy.
Further key/button pressing is used for sabre-slashing the enemy
troops. When the Cavalry reaches the opposite screen edge, it will go
round the battle field and return to its original position, assuming of
course that there are survivors !
CHANGING FORMATION: To switch Cavalrymen to normal or to single-file
formation, direct them once in the opposite direction to the direction
of their charge (right or left).
THIS PARTICULAR MANOEUVRE IS VITAL FOR CROSSING BRIDGES AND CANYONS !
The same command principle applies. The first press places the
footsoldiers into firing position. Further pressing will make the fiers
shoot straight ahead.
CHANGING FORMATION: To return to the original formation, just direct
them once in the direction opposite to their marching direction (left
or right). If you continue taking that direction, the formation will
If the battle situation seems grave enough to suggest an orderly
retreat, the joystick/keyboard 2 player should press the ESCAPE key;
the keyboard 1 player should press BACKSPACE.
When Is It Possible To Retreat?
As soon as his units are in place on the battle field, the player
may retreat. The retreating army will lose all its cannons.
If the attacker retreats, his army will retreat from its territory
(see Retreat rules).
If the defender retreats, his army will retreat from the territory
(see Retreat rules).
If the retreat is impossible, the Retreat keys (ESCAPE and DELETE)
SURROUNDING THE ENEMY
To capture a territory without fighting a battle, you can encircle it.
When enemy territories with no armies stationed in them are encircled
by oe or more of your armies, those territories change sides.
You cannot "surround" a territory which has a town.
As BLUTCH and CHESTERFIELD are not qualified to talk on this subject,
we asked Union General ALEXANDER a few questions.
INFOGRAMES:Some advice for beginners, General? Northern beginners,
ALEXANDER: Superior numbers, my boy! That's always been the key to my
staggering success. Harumph. Don't hestitate to join small armies up to
form a large battle force. That doesn't mean you should use just one
great army, because that would let the rebels attack your towns and
railroads with impunity.
For the discerning and right-thinking fellow who decides to defend
Union colours and stamp out the Grey rot, I would advice two things.
Firstly, to connect two towns and secondly, to concentrate on owning
TENNESSEE. That particular territory in Northern hands poses a grave
threat to the South. For the fellow who'd like to play at being GRANT,
MISSOURI and KANSAS are vital.
As far as the unprincipled Southern rascal is concerned, I can only
suggest he surrenders immediately !
By the way, the INFOGRAMES symbol is an ARMADILLO, isn't that so?
I : Why yes, General!
A : Thought so. And isn't the ARMADILLO the TEXAS mascot ? And isn't
TEXAS a Confederate territory ? You, sir, are a traitor and a varmint!
I'll have you in irons !
I : Well, another time perhaps, General. We're expected down in Dixie !
(sound of scarpering and gasping)...
Ah, General PHILIP, what advice would you give the unprincipled
Southern rasc...... uh pardon me, what should a fine Southern gentleman
do to win this war ?
PHILIP : Well, my dear sir, the Southern gentleman should avoid getting
himself cornered against the Gulf of Mexico. He would be well adviced
not to get himself crushed by the damyankee giant speeding down from
the North. Railroad lines must be consolidated and North Carolina
prevented from falling into dirty Yankee hands. TENNESSEE must be kept
under lock and key, and two tactical solutions come to mind in that
connection: either move towards KENTUCKY or turn off towards MISSOURI.
Didn't you just come from the North, sir?
I : Well, in a manner of speaking, General. In fact, we...
P : Say no more, you Bluecoat spy !
I : Uh oh. (more scarpering).
EXCLUSIVE: Captain STARK's considered advice:
I : Due to a number of misunderstandings, we've run out of experts to
question. So here are some ideas which may or may not help.
If you begin a battle with more cannon than your enemy, then fire
from the start and keep firing. Aim to wipe out enemy cannon.
If the enemy charges your cannon, use your infantry to stop him,
because it's not easy to stop a charge with artillery fire unless you
can judge where the horses will be when you fire.
If you command at least three Cavalry units, don't hesitate to
charge the enemy ranks; you'll wreak havoc!
Finally try to vary your tactics, otherwise your enemy will learn
your method and won't hesitate to lay traps for you.
Don't forget that the outcome of a battle is never a foregone
conclusion; even a single Cavalry unit can turn the tide!
Typed by THE TWINS of TRILOGY. Edited by PARASITE.